Post Traumatic Stress (PTSD): Most Popular Articles
Learn the definition of hypervigilance.
Many people with PTSD struggle in coping with flashbacks and dissociation. These symptoms can be unpredictable and difficult to manage. However, there are some things you can do to better manage these symptoms of PTSD.
Do you think you or a loved one may be experiencing PTSD symptoms? There are a number of different symptoms associated with PTSD. A description of these symptoms is provided here.
Learn general information on post-traumatic stress disorder, including its symptoms, how it is diagnosed, and what treatments are available for the disorder.
Learn about Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms and the requirements for a PTSD diagnosis.
Learn the definition of Axis I disorders.
Learn how to identify and cope with PTSD triggers.
Learn what Complex PTSD is, as well as how it is different from PTSD.
Learn the definition of risk-taking.
PTSD and psychotic symptoms can co-occur. People with PTSD sometimes experience symptoms of psychosis, such as hearing voices or seeing things that are not really there (hallucinations). Learn more about the different types of psychotic symptoms commonly experienced among people with PTSD.
There is a definite link between dissociative disorders and PTSD. People who have experienced a traumatic event or have PTSD are more likely to also have a dissociative disorders. Learn more about the dissociative disorders and their relationship with trauma and PTSD.
It is important to develop ways of coping with stress that you can do on your own. Learn more about some coping strategies that may be effective in managing your emotinoal distress.
Learn the definition of hyperarousal as it relates to PTSD.
PTSD and depression commonly co-occur. Learn about depression and its connection with PTSD.
Learn the definition of in vivo exposure.
PTSD and borderline personality disorder commonly co-occur. Likewise, people with borderline personality disorder often also have a diagnosis of PTSD.
Anger is a common feeling among people with PTSD. Anger is a valid emotional experience, however, according to Seeking Safety (a treatment for PTSD and substance use), anger can be either constructive or destructive.
Researchers have begun to study the effect of PTSD on the brain. Certain parts of the brain of people with PTSD have been found to be different from those without PTSD. Learn more about how PTSD may impact the brain.
The effect of PTSD can be far-reaching. People with a diagnosis of PTSD may experience a number of difficulties in their life, including mental health problems, physical health problems, and difficulties in relationships and at work. Learn more about the effect of PTSD in this article.
Coping with PTSD in healthy ways is very important. PTSD can have a tremendous negative impact on a person's life. The distressing symptoms of PTSD can often lead people to use unhealthy ways of coping, such as alcohol or drug use. Learn more about some of the healthy ways of coping with PTSD symptoms.
Learn more about the effect PTSD can have on people with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder.
Coping with PTSD in family members can be a very difficult thing to do. The effect of PTSD on family can be great and vice versa. The family can have a positive or negative impact on a loved one's PTSD. It is very important for family members to know the symptoms of PTSD and understand how they influence a loved one's behavior.
Deep breathing can be an important coping skill to learn. It may sound silly, but many people do not breathe properly. Learning to breathe properly can do a lot to protect you from stress and anxiety.
The severity of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can change over time. Learn how to identify and cope with these early warning signs.
Studies have found that anywhere between 4% to 22% of people with PTSD also have a diagnosis of OCD. Learn more about the connection.
High rates of PTSD in veterans have been found. Rates of PTSD among Vietnam veterans, Persian Gulf War veterans, and Iraq War veterans are provided here.
People with PTSD often struggle with frequent and intense symptoms of anxiety. These strong symptoms of anxiety often lead people with PTSD to rely on unhealthy ways of coping, such as through drug or alcohol use. Fortunately, there are a number of healthy ways of coping with anxiety that may help your anxiety go down in intensity, become less frequent, and/or become more tolerable.
There are several commonly used cognitive behavioral treatments for PTSD, including Exposure Therapy, Stress Management Training, and Cognitive Processing.
Learn more about the emotional numbing symptoms of PTSD.
Learn more about the types and causes of sleep problems that people with PTSD often experience.
This article addresses the degree to which PTSD and its symptoms can be cured through treatments such as therapy and medication.
There are many treatments for PTSD. Learn about some of the treatments for PTSD that have been found to be effective in helping a person recover from PTSD.
In addition to mental and physical health problems, sexual problems in veterans with PTSD are also common. Learn more about sexual problems in Vietnam and Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans with PTSD.
Learn more about delayed-onset PTSD and why it may occur.
The experience of trauma and PTSD go hand-in-hand. There are a number of traumatic events connected to PTSD. What events are most commonly linked with the development of PTSD? A variety of traumatic events are reviewed, as well as the extent with which they eventually lead to PTSD.
A number of medications for PTSD exist. Learn about what medications may be useful for people with PTSD.
Learn more about how understanding our body's natural response to threat and danger can help us better understand the symptoms of PTSD.
Learn the definition of a flashback.
Connections between PTSD and suicide have been found. People who have experienced a traumatic event may be more likely to attempt suicide. Learn about the connection between trauma, PTSD, and suicide, as well as what you can do if you feel suicidal.
Mindfulness for PTSD may be an excellent way of coping with stress and anxiety. Here you can learn about a mindfulness exercise that is quick and can be done anywhere by anyone.
Learn more about what mindfulness is and how you can practice mindfulness throughout the day.
Exposure therapy is a behavioral treatment for PTSD that has been found to be effective. Learn more about exposure therapy and different exposure therapy techniques that you might encounter depending on the symptoms you are experiencing.
There are links between trauma, PTSD, and domestic violence, for both men and women. Learn more about how trauma, PTSD, and relationship violence are connected.
Learn some different mindfulness that may help you better manage your stress and anxiety.
This article provides some information on symptoms or problems that may arise following a rape.
Learn the definition for the term DSM-IV.
Many veterans have developed PTSD from the Vietnam War. Although some veterans were able to recover from their PTSD, others continue to experience PTSD-related problems to this day. Learn more about persistent PTSD in Vietnam veterans.
PTSD and emotional avoidance go hand-in-hand. Many people with PTSD try to avoid their emotions. While this may be effective in the short-run, in the long-run, emotional avoidance can cause a number of problems. Learn more about emotional avoidance in PTSD.
There is a strong relationship between PTSD and anxiety disorders. People with PTSD are more likely to also have other anxiety disorders, such as panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. Learn about these other anxiety disorders and the extent with which they co-occur with PTSD.
Coping with PTSD at work can be a very difficult experience. This article presents some tips that may help you better manage your PTSD symptoms during your work day.
Many people do not know about the procedures involved in being diagnosed with PTSD. A mental health professional will often conduct an interview with you to determine whether or not you meet criteria for a PTSD diagnosis. Learn about what to expect during this interview.
Learn the definition of imaginal exposure.
PTSD and panic disorder commonly co-occur. In fact, people who have experienced a traumatic event or have PTSD have been found to be at greater risk for the experience of panic attacks and the development of panic disorder. Learn more about the relationship between the experience of trauma, PTSD, and panic disorder here.
Learn the definition of dissociation.
PTSD and social anxiety disorder (SAD) commonly co-occur. Learn more about the occurrence of SAD among people with PTSD, as well as what may explain why people with PTSD are likely to experience social anxiety.
Learn about distraction as a way of coping with emotions that are strong and uncomfortable.
Learn the definition of secondary emotions.
PTSD and self-injury, such as cutting, co-occur more than you may think. Individuals with PTSD may be more likely to engage in deliberate self-harm behaviors, such as cutting or burning oneself. Learn about the connection between deliberate self-harm and PTSD.
Learn how to do a chain analysis to change problem behaviors.
Learn what the term. Post Traumatic Stress (PTSD).
Cognitive-behavioral coping strategies can be effective for addressing a wide range of symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, and unpleasant thoughts. Learn more about some common cognitive-behavioral coping strategies in this article.
Acute Stress Disorder describes the experience of symptoms similar to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, but immediately following a traumatic event.
Learn some ways of managing unhealthy impulsive behaviors.
Learn the definition of hypnotherapy.
Learn about the avoidance symptoms of PTSD.
It is common for people with PTSD to develop difficulties with substance use, including alcohol use, drug use, or smoking. This makes sense, as people with PTSD may use substances as a way to self-medicate intense PTSD symptoms, such as hyperarousal and intrusive thoughts. In this article, learn about the relationship between PTSD and substance use across a variety of different substances.
Learn about the psychodynamic treatment of PTSD.
The symptoms of hyperarousal can be very difficult to manage. This article provides an overview of some strategies that may be helpful in managing hyperarousal symptoms.
Learn ways of managing catastrophic thoughts in this article.
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The symptoms of PTSD can interfere with coping; therefore, if you have PTSD, it may be important to learn effective ways of problem-solving. Learn the five steps in effective problem-solving.
Learn what Stress Inoculation Training (or SIT) is.
People with PTSD may have emotions that feel out-of-control and unpredictable. As a result, they can be very difficult to manage. Learning how to identify exactly what you are feeling in the moment can make it easier to respond to them in a healthy and effective way.
If you have PTSD, you may find that you sometimes have difficulty managing your emotions. Learn some healthy emotion regulation strategies here.
PTSD and guilt commonly co-occur. Learn about the relationship between trauma, PTSD, and guilt, as well as how this guilt can be addressed in treatment.
Cognitive behavior therapy is often used to help people with their PTSD, as well as a number of other psychological problems. So what exactly is cognitive-behavioral therapy? Learn what cognitive-behavioral therapy is and how it may be useful for the treatment of PTSD.
Learn what a protective factor is.
Using relaxation, especially progressive muscle relaxation, can be a very effective way of reducing stress and anxiety. Learn how to do progressive muscle relaxation here.
Many people with PTSD may desire treatment but not know how to find a therapist in their area that treats PTSD. Finding a therapist can be an overwhelming task if you do not know where to look. Fortunately, several websites provide search engines that can help you find mental health providers in your area that treat PTSD.
PTSD and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) have been found to commonly co-occur, and the co-occurrence of these disorders often is associated with more physical and psychological problems, including suicide, anxiety, and depression. Learn more about the consequences associated with BPD-PTSD co-occurrence here.
PTSD and schizophrenia have been found to co-occur. Some people question how successfully PTSD can be treated when symptoms of schizophrenia are also present. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and schizophrenia, as well as the treatment of this co-occurrence.
Learn the definition of grounding.
There is some evidence that PTSD and headaches commonly co-occur. Learn more about why this may be, as well as ways of coping with headaches.
It is common for PTSD and pain to co-occur. Learn more about the connection between PTSD and the experience of pain.
PTSD and drug and alcohol use often go hand-in-hand. Rates of alcohol and drug use among people with PTSD are reviewed, along with reasons why people with PTSD may be at greater risk for these problems.
PTSD and other anxiety disorders often co-occur. For example, people with PTSD are often also diagnosed with panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, or obsessive compulsive disorder. In this article, learn more about the relationship between PTSD and other anxiety disorders.
Learn ways of coping with re-experiencing symptoms in this article.
Learn more about Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) for children with PTSD.
PTSD and depression frequently co-occur. Depression can be very difficult to cope with, especially if you are already struggling with symptoms of PTSD. This article presents information on the relationship between PTSD and depression, as well as ways of coping with depression.
Firefighters frequently encounter potentially traumatic events, and therefore, high rates of PTSD in firefighters have been found. Learn more about rates of, as well as risk factors for, PTSD in firefighters.
Many people experience stigma from PTSD, and therefore, may be reluctant to seek treatment for their PTSD. Learn about stigma and how it may prevent people from receiving much needed psychological treatment.
There are a number of factors that can increase risk for PTSD. After experiencing a traumatic event, not everyone will eventually develop PTSD. Learn about some common risk factors for PTSD that have been identified.
Learn the definition of interoceptive exposure.
Learn the definition of personality disorders.
Learn what an impulsive behavior is.
Not only does PTSD have a tremendous impact on the life of the individual with the diagnosis, but it can also have a major effect on family and friends caring for someone with PTSD. The stress of caring for someone with PTSD may result in
PTSD and mood disorders often occur together. Learn more about the different mood disorders, as well as the relationship between these disorders and PTSD.
It is important for the person with PTSD to learn ways of coping with upsetting thoughts and memories as people with PTSD often experience upsetting thoughts and memories about their traumatic event. Learn a number of different ways of coping with upsetting thoughts and memories in this article.
A sense of a foreshortened future is considered to be an avoidance symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Learn ways of coping with this particular symptom of PTSD.
Learn the definition of benzodiazepine.
Learn the definition of primary emotions.
Learn more about the benefits of group therapy for PTSD in this article.
Learn more about Dialectical Behavior Therapy as a potential treatment for PTSD.
PTSD and generalized anxiety disorder commonly co-occur. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and generalized anxiety disorder.
Using self-monitoring for PTSD can be an important skill. It can increase your awareness of situations that bring about unpleasant and upsetting thoughts and feelings such as anxiety. The first step in addressing these thoughts and feelings is being aware of what situations bring them up. Self-monitoring can help with that.
Learn more about the consequences of bullying.
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If you have PTSD, then you know that you can experience PTSD symptoms at any time. Therefore, it is important to have a safety plan in place in order to respond quickly and effectively when these PTSD symptoms occur.
Learn the definition of Borderline Personality Disorder
Learn more about imagery rehearsal treatment for nightmares related to PTSD.
PTSD symptoms can be very intense and difficult to manage. However, there are specific coping skills that can be used to help you better manage your PTSD symptoms. An overview of these strategies are presented in this article.
Learn the definition of re-experiencing as it relates to PTSD.
Using journaling to cope with and express your feelings and thoughts (or expressive writing) can be a healthy way of coping with your PTSD. Learn how to cope with your PTSD through writing.
Learn the definition of behavioral activation
A recent study conducted at the Seattle VA showed that a 16-week behavioral treatment for PTSD focused on increasing positive and meaningful activities was successful in reducing PTSD symptoms among veterans with PTSD.
It is important to understand what factors may increase the likelihood of overcoming trauma. There is a lot of research on who is more at risk for developing PTSD. However, less is known about what factors differentiate those people who are and are not able to overcome and recover from a traumatic experience. Learn about some of the characteristics that have been connected to recovery.
Learn the definition of hypersomnia.
Many people with PTSD experience sleep problems. This article presents some tips on how to improve your sleep.
Learn the definition of EMDR. Post Traumatic Stress (PTSD).
Learn the definition of Complex PTSD.
Learn the definition of emotional validation.
Learn the definition of defense mechanism.
Learn the proposed definition of PTSD in the DSM-5.
Finding support from other people can greatly benefit the person with PTSD. However, in seeking out and establishing social support, there are certain qualities to look for. Learn about some of these qualities here.
PTSD rates are not the same for everyone. An overview of prevalence rates for PTSD based on age, sex, and marital status is provided here.
High rates of PTSD in Iraq War veterans are being seen, as well as a number of other difficulties, including alcohol and drug use, and depression. Learn about a recent study that examines rates of PTSD and use of mental health services among returning Iraq War service members.
Learn about the criteria for a PTSD diagnosis for children.
Anger is a common symptom of PTSD. In fact, it is considered one of the hyperarousal symptoms of PTSD. Learn more about anger and aggressive behavior in PTSD, as well as ways of coping with anger if you have PTSD.
The holiday season can be stressful for the person with PTSD, and therefore, it is important to learn how to cope with PTSD and family holidays.
There is a strong connection between PTSD and impulsive behaviors, such as alcohol use, binging and purging, deliberate self-harm, and suicide. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and various impulsive behaviors, as well as what you can do to cope with these behaviors, in this article.
People with PTSD often experience intense emotional reactions, and sometimes, these emotional reactions occur in response to other emotions. For example, a person with PTSD may feel shame because they are anxious or sad. This type of emotional reaction is called a
Learn what function the hippocampus serves in the brain.
Learn the definition of hypomania.
Learn the definition of antisocial personality disorder.
When people feel down, they may be less likely to do the things they enjoy in life or lose track of their goals, and therefore, it is important to learn how to be more active. Behavioral activation is a simple way of getting back in touch with those things you find enjoyable and pleasurable.
Learn more about why we have anxiety and what it does for us.
A central symptom of PTSD is avoidance. Avoidance often occurs in response to trying to limit contact with triggers for anxiety, fear, or memories about a traumatic event. However, not all situations can be avoided and avoidance often brings more avoidance which can greatly interfere with your life. Learn ways to reduce avoidance in this article.
Learn the definition of subthreshold PTSD.
Learn the definition of response prevention.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a behavioral treatment that has been found to be effective for a variety of psychological disorders. There is also evidence that using ACT for PTSD may be successful too. Learn more about this treatment and its potential benefits for people with PTSD.
Increasing emotional awareness is very important. People can better manage their emotions if they know exactly what emotions they are feeling in the first place. Learn the different levels of emotional awareness, as well as some ways to increase the awareness of your emotions.
Mindfulness can be a very useful skill to learn for managing PTSD symptoms and anxiety in general. This article presents some ways that you can bring mindfulness to your everyday activities.
People with PTSD experience intense and frequent unpleasant emotions, such as anger, sadness, and fear. As a result, these emotions might be very difficult to manage. Learn more about the specific difficulties people with PTSD experience in managing their emotions.
Coping with thoughts that are upsetting can be an important skill to have because how you evaluate and think can affect your mood. Learn how to identify and address unhealthy thoughts, and in doing so, improve your mood.
Approximately 45 million adults in the United States currently smoke, and it has been found that PTSD and smoking commonly co-occur. Learn about the rates of smoking in PTSD, why individuals with PTSD may be more likely to smoke, and treatments that are available for smoking and PTSD.
Several studies have found that people with PTSD may be more likely to have irritable bowel syndrome. Learn more about the connection between these two conditions and what can be done.
Coping with anger can be a very important skill to have, especially is you have PTSD. People with PTSD may have higher levels of anger and, as a result, are more likely to have arguments or conflicts with others. Learn how to better manage your anger through the use of
Sleep problems are very common among people with PTSD, and one reason for this may be due to sleep apnea. One study found that soldiers with combat-related PTSD exhibited high rates of sleep problems, including sleep apnea. Learn more about this study, as well as sleep apnea in general in this article.
When you have PTSD, it is important to learn ways of coping with large crowds. Large crowds can be particularly stressful for someone with PTSD, and the fear of being in a large crowd can lead to isolation. This article provides some strategies for coping with large crowds.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation uses magnetic pulses that are intended to specifically stimulate certain regions of the brain, and may be an effective treatment for depression.