Post Traumatic Stress (PTSD): Most Popular Articles
Learn the definition of Axis I disorders.
Do you think you or a loved one may be experiencing PTSD symptoms? There are a number of different symptoms associated with PTSD. A description of these symptoms is provided here.
Many people with PTSD struggle in coping with flashbacks and dissociation. These symptoms can be unpredictable and difficult to manage. However, there are some things you can do to better manage these symptoms of PTSD.
Learn the definition of hypervigilance.
Learn how to identify and cope with PTSD triggers.
Learn general information on post-traumatic stress disorder, including its symptoms, how it is diagnosed, and what treatments are available for the disorder.
Learn about Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms and the requirements for a PTSD diagnosis.
PTSD and psychotic symptoms can co-occur. People with PTSD sometimes experience symptoms of psychosis, such as hearing voices or seeing things that are not really there (hallucinations). Learn more about the different types of psychotic symptoms commonly experienced among people with PTSD.
Coping with PTSD in family members can be a very difficult thing to do. The effect of PTSD on family can be great and vice versa. The family can have a positive or negative impact on a loved one's PTSD. It is very important for family members to know the symptoms of PTSD and understand how they influence a loved one's behavior.
Learn the definition of in vivo exposure.
Researchers have begun to study the effect of PTSD on the brain. Certain parts of the brain of people with PTSD have been found to be different from those without PTSD. Learn more about how PTSD may impact the brain.
Anger is a common feeling among people with PTSD. Anger is a valid emotional experience, however, according to Seeking Safety (a treatment for PTSD and substance use), anger can be either constructive or destructive.
Learn the definition of risk-taking.
Coping with PTSD in healthy ways is very important. PTSD can have a tremendous negative impact on a person's life. The distressing symptoms of PTSD can often lead people to use unhealthy ways of coping, such as alcohol or drug use. Learn more about some of the healthy ways of coping with PTSD symptoms.
PTSD and borderline personality disorder commonly co-occur. Likewise, people with borderline personality disorder often also have a diagnosis of PTSD.
High rates of PTSD in veterans have been found. Rates of PTSD among Vietnam veterans, Persian Gulf War veterans, and Iraq War veterans are provided here.
Deep breathing can be an important coping skill to learn. It may sound silly, but many people do not breathe properly. Learning to breathe properly can do a lot to protect you from stress and anxiety.
: An acronym that refers to the conflicts in Afganistan and Iraq. Specifically, OEF/OIF refers to "Operation
Studies have found that anywhere between 4% to 22% of people with PTSD also have a diagnosis of OCD. Learn more about the connection.
The effect of PTSD can be far-reaching. People with a diagnosis of PTSD may experience a number of difficulties in their life, including mental health problems, physical health problems, and difficulties in relationships and at work. Learn more about the effect of PTSD in this article.
Learn some ways of managing unhealthy impulsive behaviors.
There is a definite link between dissociative disorders and PTSD. People who have experienced a traumatic event or have PTSD are more likely to also have a dissociative disorders. Learn more about the dissociative disorders and their relationship with trauma and PTSD.
PTSD and depression commonly co-occur. Learn about depression and its connection with PTSD.
Learn what Complex PTSD is, as well as how it is different from PTSD.
The severity of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can change over time, and therefore, it is important to recognize PTSD early warning signs that may be an indication that your symptoms are getting worse. Learn how to identify and cope with these early warning signs in order to prevent a worsening of your PTSD.
There are several commonly used cognitive behavioral treatments for PTSD, including Exposure Therapy, Stress Management Training, and Cognitive Processing.
Learn about distraction as a way of coping with emotions that are strong and uncomfortable.
Learn some different mindfulness that may help you better manage your stress and anxiety.
A number of medications for PTSD exist. Learn about what medications may be useful for people with PTSD.
Learn more about the emotional numbing symptoms of PTSD.
People with PTSD often struggle with frequent and intense symptoms of anxiety. These strong symptoms of anxiety often lead people with PTSD to rely on unhealthy ways of coping, such as through drug or alcohol use. Fortunately, there are a number of healthy ways of coping with anxiety that may help your anxiety go down in intensity, become less frequent, and/or become more tolerable.
Learn more about the effect PTSD can have on people with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder.
It is important to develop ways of coping with stress that you can do on your own. Learn more about some coping strategies that may be effective in managing your emotinoal distress.
Learn the definition of hyperarousal as it relates to PTSD.
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Learn what Stress Inoculation Training (or SIT) is.
Exposure therapy is a behavioral treatment for PTSD that has been found to be effective. Learn more about exposure therapy and different exposure therapy techniques that you might encounter depending on the symptoms you are experiencing.
Many veterans have developed PTSD from the Vietnam War. Although some veterans were able to recover from their PTSD, others continue to experience PTSD-related problems to this day. Learn more about persistent PTSD in Vietnam veterans.
Acute Stress Disorder and PTSD are very similar. Acute Stress Disorder describes the experience of PTSD-like symptoms immediately following a traumatic event. People with Acute Stress Disorder have been found to be at greater risk for eventually developing PTSD. Information on the symptoms of Acute Stress Disorder and its connection with PTSD is provided here.
In addition to mental and physical health problems, sexual problems in veterans with PTSD are also common. Learn more about sexual problems in Vietnam and Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans with PTSD.
This article provides some information on symptoms or problems that may arise following a rape.
If you have PTSD, you may find that you sometimes have difficulty managing your emotions. Learn some healthy emotion regulation strategies here.
Learn more about the types and causes of sleep problems that people with PTSD often experience.
There are many treatments for PTSD. Learn about some of the treatments for PTSD that have been found to be effective in helping a person recover from PTSD.
Learn the definition of dissociation.
PTSD and emotional avoidance go hand-in-hand. Many people with PTSD try to avoid their emotions. While this may be effective in the short-run, in the long-run, emotional avoidance can cause a number of problems. Learn more about emotional avoidance in PTSD.
PTSD rates are not the same for everyone. An overview of prevalence rates for PTSD based on age, sex, and marital status is provided here.
PTSD and panic disorder commonly co-occur. In fact, people who have experienced a traumatic event or have PTSD have been found to be at greater risk for the experience of panic attacks and the development of panic disorder. Learn more about the relationship between the experience of trauma, PTSD, and panic disorder here.
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Cognitive behavior therapy is often used to help people with their PTSD, as well as a number of other psychological problems. So what exactly is cognitive-behavioral therapy? Learn what cognitive-behavioral therapy is and how it may be useful for the treatment of PTSD.
The symptoms of hyperarousal can be very difficult to manage. This article provides an overview of some strategies that may be helpful in managing hyperarousal symptoms.
If you have PTSD, then you know that you can experience PTSD symptoms at any time. Therefore, it is important to have a safety plan in place in order to respond quickly and effectively when these PTSD symptoms occur.
Learn about the psychodynamic treatment of PTSD.
Learn more about delayed-onset PTSD and why it may occur.
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There are links between trauma, PTSD, and domestic violence, for both men and women. Learn more about how trauma, PTSD, and relationship violence are connected.
Firefighters frequently encounter potentially traumatic events, and therefore, high rates of PTSD in firefighters have been found. Learn more about rates of, as well as risk factors for, PTSD in firefighters.
Learn the definition of a flashback.
Learn about the avoidance symptoms of PTSD.
People with PTSD may have emotions that feel out-of-control and unpredictable. As a result, they can be very difficult to manage. Learning how to identify exactly what you are feeling in the moment can make it easier to respond to them in a healthy and effective way.
PTSD and self-injury, such as cutting, co-occur more than you may think. Individuals with PTSD may be more likely to engage in deliberate self-harm behaviors, such as cutting or burning oneself. Learn about the connection between deliberate self-harm and PTSD.
Coping with PTSD at work can be a very difficult experience. This article presents some tips that may help you better manage your PTSD symptoms during your work day.
Learn the definition for the term DSM-IV.
There is some evidence that PTSD and headaches commonly co-occur. Learn more about why this may be, as well as ways of coping with headaches.
Learn more about what mindfulness is and how you can practice mindfulness throughout the day.
Coping with anger can be a important skill, especially is you have PTSD. People with PTSD may experience
Many people do not know about the procedures involved in being diagnosed with PTSD. A mental health professional will often conduct an interview with you to determine whether or not you meet criteria for a PTSD diagnosis. Learn about what to expect during this interview.
Learn ways of managing catastrophic thoughts in this article.
Learn more about the consequences of bullying.
PTSD and schizophrenia have been found to co-occur. Some people question how successfully PTSD can be treated when symptoms of schizophrenia are also present. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and schizophrenia, as well as the treatment of this co-occurrence.
Learn what an impulsive behavior is.
There is a strong relationship between PTSD and anxiety disorders. People with PTSD are more likely to also have other anxiety disorders, such as panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. Learn about these other anxiety disorders and the extent with which they co-occur with PTSD.
Learn the definition of imaginal exposure.
PTSD and social anxiety disorder (SAD) commonly co-occur. Learn more about the occurrence of SAD among people with PTSD, as well as what may explain why people with PTSD are likely to experience social anxiety.
Many people with PTSD may desire treatment but not know how to find a therapist in their area that treats PTSD. Finding a therapist can be an overwhelming task if you do not know where to look. Fortunately, several websites provide search engines that can help you find mental health providers in your area that treat PTSD.
Learn the definition of secondary emotions.
PTSD and guilt commonly co-occur. Learn about the relationship between trauma, PTSD, and guilt, as well as how this guilt can be addressed in treatment.
Mindfulness for PTSD may be an excellent way of coping with stress and anxiety. Here you can learn about a mindfulness exercise that is quick and can be done anywhere by anyone.
Connections between PTSD and suicide have been found. People who have experienced a traumatic event may be more likely to attempt suicide. Learn about the connection between trauma, PTSD, and suicide, as well as what you can do if you feel suicidal.
The symptoms of PTSD can interfere with coping; therefore, if you have PTSD, it may be important to learn effective ways of problem-solving. Learn the five steps in effective problem-solving.
The experience of trauma and PTSD go hand-in-hand. There are a number of traumatic events connected to PTSD. What events are most commonly linked with the development of PTSD? A variety of traumatic events are reviewed, as well as the extent with which they eventually lead to PTSD.
Anger is a common symptom of PTSD. In fact, it is considered one of the hyperarousal symptoms of PTSD. Learn more about anger and aggressive behavior in PTSD, as well as ways of coping with anger if you have PTSD.
Learn the definition of grounding.
Learn how to do a chain analysis to change problem behaviors.
It is common for PTSD and pain to co-occur. Learn more about the connection between PTSD and the experience of pain.
PTSD and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) have been found to commonly co-occur, and the co-occurrence of these disorders often is associated with more physical and psychological problems, including suicide, anxiety, and depression. Learn more about the consequences associated with BPD-PTSD co-occurrence here.
Cognitive-behavioral coping strategies can be effective for addressing a wide range of symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, and unpleasant thoughts. Learn more about some common cognitive-behavioral coping strategies in this article.
PTSD and other anxiety disorders often co-occur. For example, people with PTSD are often also diagnosed with panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, or obsessive compulsive disorder. In this article, learn more about the relationship between PTSD and other anxiety disorders.
Learn what a protective factor is.
There are a number of factors that can increase risk for PTSD. After experiencing a traumatic event, not everyone will eventually develop PTSD. Learn about some common risk factors for PTSD that have been identified.
Coping with thoughts that are upsetting can be an important skill to have because how you evaluate and think can affect your mood. Learn how to identify and address unhealthy thoughts, and in doing so, improve your mood.
This article addresses the degree to which PTSD and its symptoms can be cured through treatments such as therapy and medication.
Learn more about the association between PTSD and Avoidant Personality Disorder.
Learn more about Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) for children with PTSD.
People with PTSD often experience difficulties managing their emotions. If you have PTSD, it is important to develop healthy ways of managing your emotions. This article presents some tips on how to be successful in using healthy emotion regulation strategies.
Increasing emotional awareness is very important. People can better manage their emotions if they know exactly what emotions they are feeling in the first place. Learn the different levels of emotional awareness, as well as some ways to increase the awareness of your emotions.
PTSD and mood disorders often occur together. Learn more about the different mood disorders, as well as the relationship between these disorders and PTSD.
Learn the definition of virtual reality exposure therapy or VRET.
It is important for the person with PTSD to learn ways of coping with upsetting thoughts and memories as people with PTSD often experience upsetting thoughts and memories about their traumatic event. Learn a number of different ways of coping with upsetting thoughts and memories in this article.
PTSD and drug and alcohol use often go hand-in-hand. Rates of alcohol and drug use among people with PTSD are reviewed, along with reasons why people with PTSD may be at greater risk for these problems.
Learn more about the benefits of group therapy for PTSD in this article.
Learn the definition of primary emotions.
PTSD symptoms can be very intense and difficult to manage. However, there are specific coping skills that can be used to help you better manage your PTSD symptoms. An overview of these strategies are presented in this article.
PTSD and generalized anxiety disorder commonly co-occur. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and generalized anxiety disorder.
Virtual reality exposure therapy is being tested by some clinicians to see if can be useful in helping people recover from PTSD. Learn more about virtual reality exposure therapy for PTSD here.
Learn ways of coping with re-experiencing symptoms in this article.
Many people experience stigma from PTSD, and therefore, may be reluctant to seek treatment for their PTSD. Learn about stigma and how it may prevent people from receiving much needed psychological treatment.
A recent study conducted at the Seattle VA showed that a 16-week behavioral treatment for PTSD focused on increasing positive and meaningful activities was successful in reducing PTSD symptoms among veterans with PTSD.
Learn more about the proposed changes that will be made to the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis in the DSM-V.
Learn the definition of obsessions.
It is important to understand what factors may increase the likelihood of overcoming trauma. There is a lot of research on who is more at risk for developing PTSD. However, less is known about what factors differentiate those people who are and are not able to overcome and recover from a traumatic experience. Learn about some of the characteristics that have been connected to recovery.
High rates of PTSD in Iraq War veterans are being seen, as well as a number of other difficulties, including alcohol and drug use, and depression. Learn about a recent study that examines rates of PTSD and use of mental health services among returning Iraq War service members.
Several studies have found that people with PTSD may be more likely to have irritable bowel syndrome. Learn more about the connection between these two conditions and what can be done.
Learn what function the hippocampus serves in the brain.
People with PTSD experience intense and frequent unpleasant emotions, such as anger, sadness, and fear. As a result, these emotions might be very difficult to manage. Learn more about the specific difficulties people with PTSD experience in managing their emotions.
There is a strong connection between PTSD and impulsive behaviors, such as alcohol use, binging and purging, deliberate self-harm, and suicide. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and various impulsive behaviors, as well as what you can do to cope with these behaviors, in this article.
Using relaxation, especially progressive muscle relaxation, can be a very effective way of reducing stress and anxiety. Learn how to do progressive muscle relaxation here.
PTSD can have a major impact on a person's life; however, fortunately, there are a number of different types of treatments that have been found to be effective in reducing the symptoms of PTSD. Learn more about these different treatments here.
Learn how to monitor your emotions in order to increase your emotional awareness and determine what coping skills are working best for you.
Learn more about imagery rehearsal treatment for nightmares related to PTSD.
Find out the definition of emotion avoidance here.
Finding support from other people can greatly benefit the person with PTSD. However, in seeking out and establishing social support, there are certain qualities to look for. Learn about some of these qualities here.
Learn the proposed definition of PTSD in the DSM-5.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and personality disorders frequently co-occur. The two most common personality disorders found among people with PTSD are borderline personality disorder and avoidant personality disorder. Learn more about these two personality disorders here.
Learn the definition of behavioral activation
Learn the definition of Borderline Personality Disorder
Mindfulness can be a very important skill to learn if you have PTSD. Practicing mindfulness of emotions in particular may be quite beneficial if you struggle with intense and unpleasant emotions. An exercise for promoting mindfulness of emotions is presented here.
PTSD and psychotic symptoms have been found to be related. There is some evidence that people with PTSD may be at higher risk than those without PTSD to develop symptoms of psychotic disorders. This article provides some background on psychotic disorders, as well as the relationship between PTSD and psychotic symptoms.
Learn the definition of re-experiencing as it relates to PTSD.
PTSD and depression frequently co-occur. Depression can be very difficult to cope with, especially if you are already struggling with symptoms of PTSD. This article presents information on the relationship between PTSD and depression, as well as ways of coping with depression.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a behavioral treatment that has been found to be effective for a variety of psychological disorders. There is also evidence that using ACT for PTSD may be successful too. Learn more about this treatment and its potential benefits for people with PTSD.
Learn the definition of interoceptive exposure.
This article provides an overview of different mindfulness exercises particularly focused on your internal experiences, such as thoughts, emotions, and physical sensations.
When people have PTSD, they are likely going to experience very intense emotions, and managing these intense emotions can be a very difficult thing to do. But it's an important thing to do, as these emotions can lead to unhealthy and impulsive behaviors, such as substance use and deliberate self-harm. This article provides an overview of different ways of managing intense emotions when you have PTSD.
Learn more about the self-destructive behaviors that can occur among people with PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder).
Learn the definition of fear hierarchy.
PTSD and substance use commonly co-occur, and it has been proposed that people with PTSD are more likely to use substances because they are seeking a way to self-medicate distress associated with their PTSD symptoms. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and substance use, as well as treatments for these conditions.
Learn the definition of defense mechanism.
Using journaling to cope with and express your feelings and thoughts (or expressive writing) can be a healthy way of coping with your PTSD. Learn how to cope with your PTSD through writing.
People with PTSD may be at risk for a number of physical health problems such as diabetes, arthritis, migraines, and pain. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and physical health problems.
Learn more about why we have anxiety and what it does for us.
Learn the definition of impulse control disorder.
Learn about how an interpersonal trauma, such as sexual or physical abuse, can negatively impact an expectant mother's attachment to her unborn child.
Using self-monitoring for PTSD can be an important skill. It can increase your awareness of situations that bring about unpleasant and upsetting thoughts and feelings such as anxiety. The first step in addressing these thoughts and feelings is being aware of what situations bring them up. Self-monitoring can help with that.
Learn the definition of chain analysis.
Learn how to be more mindful of your thoughts through this simple exercise.
Learn more about Dialectical Behavior Therapy as a potential treatment for PTSD.
Learn the definition of personality disorders.
Learn the definition of benzodiazepine.
PTSD and Borderline Personality Disorder often co-occur, and having BPD may interfere with treatment for another disorder. Learn more about how BPD may influence treatment for PTSD.