1. Health

Your suggestion is on its way!

An email with a link to:


was emailed to:

Thanks for sharing About.com with others!

Most Emailed Articles

Low-Carb Snacks

Post Traumatic Stress (PTSD): Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
What to Do When You Keep Having Flashbacks
Many people with PTSD struggle in coping with flashbacks and dissociation. These symptoms can be unpredictable and difficult to manage. However, there are some things you can do to better manage these symptoms of PTSD.
Could You Have PTSD?
Do you think you or a loved one may be experiencing PTSD symptoms? There are a number of different symptoms associated with PTSD. A description of these symptoms is provided here.
Learn About What Triggers PTSD
Learn how to identify and cope with PTSD triggers.
PTSD and Borderline Personality Disorder
PTSD and borderline personality disorder commonly co-occur. Likewise, people with borderline personality disorder often also have a diagnosis of PTSD.
Do You Always Feel Tense? It May Be Hypervigila...
Learn the definition of hypervigilance.
Don't Miss These Symptoms of Post-Traumatic...
Learn about Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms and the requirements for a PTSD diagnosis.
Recognizing PTSD Early Warning Signs
The severity of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can change over time. Learn how to identify and cope with these early warning signs.
The Relationship between PTSD and Psychotic...
PTSD and psychotic symptoms can co-occur. People with PTSD sometimes experience symptoms of psychosis, such as hearing voices or seeing things that are not really there (hallucinations). Learn more about the different types of psychotic symptoms commonly experienced among people with PTSD.
The Effect of PTSD on a Person's Life
The effect of PTSD can be far-reaching. People with a diagnosis of PTSD may experience a number of difficulties in their life, including mental health problems, physical health problems, and difficulties in relationships and at work. Learn more about the effect of PTSD in this article.
Important Facts About Complex PTSD
Learn what Complex PTSD is, as well as how it is different from PTSD.
What You Need to Know About Post-Traumatic...
Learn general information on post-traumatic stress disorder, including its symptoms, how it is diagnosed, and what treatments are available for the disorder.
Healthy Ways of Coping with PTSD
Coping with PTSD in healthy ways is very important. PTSD can have a tremendous negative impact on a person's life. The distressing symptoms of PTSD can often lead people to use unhealthy ways of coping, such as alcohol or drug use. Learn more about some of the healthy ways of coping with PTSD symptoms.
The Effect of PTSD When You Have Bipolar Disorder
Learn more about the effect PTSD can have on people with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder.
How Trauma Can Lead to Dissociative Disorders
There is a definite link between dissociative disorders and PTSD. People who have experienced a traumatic event or have PTSD are more likely to also have a dissociative disorders. Learn more about the dissociative disorders and their relationship with trauma and PTSD.
Coping With Stress Using Self-Soothing Skills
It is important to develop ways of coping with stress that you can do on your own. Learn more about some coping strategies that may be effective in managing your emotinoal distress.
Trauma, PTSD and OCD
Studies have found that anywhere between 4% to 22% of people with PTSD also have a diagnosis of OCD. Learn more about the connection.
What Is an Axis I Disorder?
Learn the definition of Axis I disorders.
Delayed-Onset PTSD: What Is It and Why Does It...
Learn more about delayed-onset PTSD and why it may occur.
Learn the definition of hyperarousal as it relates to PTSD.
Emotional Numbing Symptoms
Learn more about the emotional numbing symptoms of PTSD.
The Relationship Between PTSD and Depression
PTSD and depression commonly co-occur. Learn about depression and its connection with PTSD.
Sleep Problems When You Have PTSD
Learn more about the types and causes of sleep problems that people with PTSD often experience.
Ways of Coping with Anxiety
People with PTSD often struggle with frequent and intense symptoms of anxiety. These strong symptoms of anxiety often lead people with PTSD to rely on unhealthy ways of coping, such as through drug or alcohol use. Fortunately, there are a number of healthy ways of coping with anxiety that may help your anxiety go down in intensity, become less frequent, and/or become more tolerable.
The Problems with Service Dogs, the ADA and PTSD
Psychiatric service dogs can be mislabeled and poorly understood, and this can have profound legal and emotional consequences for handlers with PTSD.
Coping With Your PTSD at Work
Coping with PTSD at work can be a very difficult experience. This article presents some tips that may help you better manage your PTSD symptoms during your work day.
Do You Know Some of the Treatments for PTSD?
From psychotherapy to medications, a variety of treatment options have been found to be effective in helping people who have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Ways to Manage Your PTSD Symptoms
PTSD symptoms can be very intense and difficult to manage. However, there are specific coping skills that can be used to help you better manage your PTSD symptoms. An overview of these strategies are presented in this article.
In Vivo Exposure
Learn the definition of in vivo exposure.
Are You a Risk Taker? See If You Fit This...
Learn the definition of risk-taking.
What Medications Work for PTSD?
A number of medications for PTSD exist. Learn about what medications may be useful for people with PTSD.
PTSD in the DSM-5
Learn the proposed definition of PTSD in the DSM-5.
An Overview of Cognitive Behavioral Treatments...
There are several commonly used cognitive behavioral treatments for PTSD, including Exposure Therapy, Stress Management Training, and Cognitive Processing.
Exposure Therapy for PTSD
Exposure therapy is a behavioral treatment for PTSD that has been found to be effective. Learn more about exposure therapy and different exposure therapy techniques that you might encounter depending on the symptoms you are experiencing.
How Deep Breathing Can Reduce Stress
Deep breathing can be an important coping skill to learn. It may sound silly, but many people do not breathe properly. Learning to breathe properly can do a lot to protect you from stress and anxiety.
Is There a Cure for PTSD?
This article addresses the degree to which PTSD and its symptoms can be cured through treatments such as therapy and medication.
PTSD and Generalized Anxiety Disorder
PTSD and generalized anxiety disorder commonly co-occur. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and generalized anxiety disorder.
How To Practice Being Mindful: A Quick and Easy...
Mindfulness for PTSD may be an excellent way of coping with stress and anxiety. Here you can learn about a mindfulness exercise that is quick and can be done anywhere by anyone.
PTSD and Emotional Avoidance
PTSD and emotional avoidance go hand-in-hand. Many people with PTSD try to avoid their emotions. While this may be effective in the short-run, in the long-run, emotional avoidance can cause a number of problems. Learn more about emotional avoidance in PTSD.
Rates of PTSD in Military Veterans
High rates of PTSD in veterans have been found. Rates of PTSD among Vietnam veterans, Persian Gulf War veterans, and Iraq War veterans are provided here.
Your Emotions and PTSD
People with PTSD may have emotions that feel out-of-control and unpredictable. As a result, they can be very difficult to manage. Learning how to identify exactly what you are feeling in the moment can make it easier to respond to them in a healthy and effective way.
PTSD and Social Anxiety Disorder
PTSD and social anxiety disorder (SAD) commonly co-occur. Learn more about the occurrence of SAD among people with PTSD, as well as what may explain why people with PTSD are likely to experience social anxiety.
Coping with Hyperarousal Symptoms
The symptoms of hyperarousal can be very difficult to manage. This article provides an overview of some strategies that may be helpful in managing hyperarousal symptoms.
Vietnam War PTSD - Long-Term Impact, Getting Help
Many veterans have developed PTSD from the Vietnam War. Although some veterans were able to recover from their PTSD, others continue to experience PTSD-related problems to this day. Learn more about persistent PTSD in Vietnam veterans.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Cognitive behavior therapy is often used to help people with their PTSD, as well as a number of other psychological problems. So what exactly is cognitive-behavioral therapy? Learn what cognitive-behavioral therapy is and how it may be useful for the treatment of PTSD.
Constructive vs. Destructive Anger in PTSD
Anger is a common feeling among people with PTSD. Anger is a valid emotional experience, however, according to Seeking Safety (a treatment for PTSD and substance use), anger can be either constructive or destructive.
The Link Between PTSD and Your Brain
Researchers have begun to study the effect of PTSD on the brain. Certain parts of the brain of people with PTSD have been found to be different from those without PTSD. Learn more about how PTSD may impact the brain.
Find a Therapist - How to Find a Therapist for...
Many people with PTSD may desire treatment but not know how to find a therapist in their area that treats PTSD. Finding a therapist can be an overwhelming task if you do not know where to look. Fortunately, several websites provide search engines that can help you find mental health providers in your area that treat PTSD.
Symptoms of PTSD After a Rape
This article provides some information on symptoms or problems that may arise following a rape.
Learn the definition of dissociation.
Learn the definition of a flashback.
The Fight or Flight Response: Our Body's...
Learn more about how understanding our body's natural response to threat and danger can help us better understand the symptoms of PTSD.
The Connection between PTSD and Mood Disorders
PTSD and mood disorders often occur together. Learn more about the different mood disorders, as well as the relationship between these disorders and PTSD.
The Connection Between PTSD and Pain
It is common for PTSD and pain to co-occur. Learn more about the connection between PTSD and the experience of pain.
Sexual Problems in Veterans with PTSD
In addition to mental and physical health problems, sexual problems in veterans with PTSD are also common. Learn more about sexual problems in Vietnam and Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans with PTSD.
Imaginal Exposure
Learn the definition of imaginal exposure.
PTSD, Cutting, and Other Forms of Self-Injury
PTSD and self-injury, such as cutting, co-occur more than you may think. Individuals with PTSD may be more likely to engage in deliberate self-harm behaviors, such as cutting or burning oneself. Learn about the connection between deliberate self-harm and PTSD.
Using Distraction as a Way of Coping with...
Learn about distraction as a way of coping with emotions that are strong and uncomfortable.
Avoidance Symptoms
Learn about the avoidance symptoms of PTSD.
Coping with PTSD in Family Members
Coping with PTSD in family members can be a very difficult thing to do. The effect of PTSD on family can be great and vice versa. The family can have a positive or negative impact on a loved one's PTSD. It is very important for family members to know the symptoms of PTSD and understand how they influence a loved one's behavior.
The Basics of Mindfulness
Learn more about what mindfulness is and how you can practice mindfulness throughout the day.
PTSD and Suicide Risk - Connections
Connections between PTSD and suicide have been found. People who have experienced a traumatic event may be more likely to attempt suicide. Learn about the connection between trauma, PTSD, and suicide, as well as what you can do if you feel suicidal.
Psychodynamic Treatment of PTSD
Learn about the psychodynamic treatment of PTSD.
Common Cognitive-Behavioral Coping Strategies
Cognitive-behavioral coping strategies can be effective for addressing a wide range of symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, and unpleasant thoughts. Learn more about some common cognitive-behavioral coping strategies in this article.
Trauma, PTSD, and Panic Disorder
PTSD and panic disorder commonly co-occur. In fact, people who have experienced a traumatic event or have PTSD have been found to be at greater risk for the experience of panic attacks and the development of panic disorder. Learn more about the relationship between the experience of trauma, PTSD, and panic disorder here.
Mindfulness Exercises
Learn some different mindfulness that may help you better manage your stress and anxiety.
Acute Stress Disorder and PTSD
Acute Stress Disorder describes the experience of symptoms similar to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, but immediately following a traumatic event.
The Best Way for PTSD Survivors to Cope With...
People with PTSD should learn how to cope with upsetting thoughts and memories, as these individuals often have flashbacks about traumatic events.
Rates of PTSD in Firefighters
Firefighters frequently encounter potentially traumatic events, and therefore, high rates of PTSD in firefighters have been found. Learn more about rates of, as well as risk factors for, PTSD in firefighters.
PTSD and Guilt
PTSD and guilt commonly co-occur. Learn about the relationship between trauma, PTSD, and guilt, as well as how this guilt can be addressed in treatment.
Developing A Safety Plan for PTSD Symptoms
If you have PTSD, then you know that you can experience PTSD symptoms at any time. Therefore, it is important to have a safety plan in place in order to respond quickly and effectively when these PTSD symptoms occur.
The Treatment of PTSD and Schizophrenia
PTSD and schizophrenia have been found to co-occur. Some people question how successfully PTSD can be treated when symptoms of schizophrenia are also present. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and schizophrenia, as well as the treatment of this co-occurrence.
PTSD and Anxiety Disorders
There is a strong relationship between PTSD and anxiety disorders. People with PTSD are more likely to also have other anxiety disorders, such as panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. Learn about these other anxiety disorders and the extent with which they co-occur with PTSD.
Information on PTSD Symptoms
Learn more about the different symptoms that people with PTSD may experience.
Being Diagnosed with PTSD: The Procedure and...
Many people do not know about the procedures involved in being diagnosed with PTSD. A mental health professional will often conduct an interview with you to determine whether or not you meet criteria for a PTSD diagnosis. Learn about what to expect during this interview.
Learn what the term. Post Traumatic Stress (PTSD).
Learn the definition of grounding.
Ways of Managing Your Emotions
If you have PTSD, you may find that you sometimes have difficulty managing your emotions. Learn some healthy emotion regulation strategies here.
PTSD and Domestic Violence
There are links between trauma, PTSD, and domestic violence, for both men and women. Learn more about how trauma, PTSD, and relationship violence are connected.
Ways of Coping with Large Crowds When You Have...
When you have PTSD, it is important to learn ways of coping with large crowds. Large crowds can be particularly stressful for someone with PTSD, and the fear of being in a large crowd can lead to isolation. This article provides some strategies for coping with large crowds.
Stress Inoculation Training
Learn what Stress Inoculation Training (or SIT) is.
Managing Impulsive Behaviors
Learn some ways of managing unhealthy impulsive behaviors.
Traumatic Event
Learn the definition of a traumatic event.
The Relationship Between PTSD and Other Anxiety...
PTSD and other anxiety disorders often co-occur. For example, people with PTSD are often also diagnosed with panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, or obsessive compulsive disorder. In this article, learn more about the relationship between PTSD and other anxiety disorders.
How Common Is PTSD?
PTSD rates are not the same for all groups. An overview of prevalence rates for PTSD based on age, sex, and marital status is provided here.
Easy Worksheet for PTSD Monitoring
Create an easy worksheet for self-monitoring your PTSD. Increase your awareness of situations that bring about unpleasant thoughts and feelings.
Cargiver Burden: Stress of Caring for a PTSD...
PTSD can have a major impact on family and friends. Learn more about how the stress of caring for someone with PTSD may result in caregiver burden.
How To Improve Your Self-Esteem Through...
Learn how to improve your self-esteem by catching and challenging negative self-focused thoughts and using self-supportive statements.
The Association between PTSD and Headaches
There is some evidence that PTSD and headaches commonly co-occur. Learn more about why this may be, as well as ways of coping with headaches.
Some People Who Experience a Traumatic Event Do...
Certain risk factors may increase the likelihood of overcoming trauma. Learn what factors differentiate those people who are and are not able to recover from a traumatic event.
Do You Know How to Be Mindful of Your Thoughts?
Learning how to be mindful of your thoughts can be a wonderful skill to practice when it comes to coping with your PTSD symptoms. Learn a simple exercise.
Memory - Improve Your Memory
Many people with PTSD experience concentration and memory problems. Some of the websites listed in this article may provide you with some tips for improving your memory and concentration.
What Puts Someone At Risk For PTSD?
There are a number of factors that can increase risk for PTSD. After experiencing a traumatic event, not everyone will eventually develop PTSD. Learn about some common risk factors for PTSD that have been identified.
Finding Support for PTSD
Finding support from other people can greatly benefit the person with PTSD. However, in seeking out and establishing social support, there are certain qualities to look for. Learn about some of these qualities here.
Having Both PTSD and Borderline Personality...
PTSD and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) have been found to commonly co-occur, and the co-occurrence of these disorders often is associated with more physical and psychological problems, including suicide, anxiety, and depression. Learn more about the consequences associated with BPD-PTSD co-occurrence here.
How To Do a Chain Analysis to Change Problem...
Learn how to do a chain analysis to change problem behaviors.
Impulsive Behavior
Learn what an impulsive behavior is.
Learn the definition of re-experiencing as it relates to PTSD.
The Link Between Trauma and PTSD
The experience of trauma and PTSD go hand-in-hand. There are a number of traumatic events connected to PTSD. What events are most commonly linked with the development of PTSD? A variety of traumatic events are reviewed, as well as the extent with which they eventually lead to PTSD.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for PTSD
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a behavioral treatment that has been found to be effective for a variety of psychological disorders. There is also evidence that using ACT for PTSD may be successful too. Learn more about this treatment and its potential benefits for people with PTSD.
How To Use Journaling to Cope with PTSD
Using journaling to cope with and express your feelings and thoughts (or expressive writing) can be a healthy way of coping with your PTSD. Learn how to cope with your PTSD through writing.
Protective Factor
Learn what a protective factor is.
PTSD and Impulsive Behaviors
There is a strong connection between PTSD and impulsive behaviors, such as alcohol use, binging and purging, deliberate self-harm, and suicide. Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and various impulsive behaviors, as well as what you can do to cope with these behaviors, in this article.
Learning Difficulties in PTSD
Learn more about specific learning difficulties that people with PTSD may experience.
DSM-5 PTSD Criteria for Children
Learn about the criteria for a PTSD diagnosis for children.
PTSD Facts and Fiction
PTSD facts and fiction are often hard to tell apart. People have a lot of questions about PTSD, and there are a lot of myths surrounding the diagnosis. Learn the facts of PTSD.
Latest DSM-5 States that PTSD Is No Longer an...
The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) has declared that PTSD is no longer an anxiety disorder.
How to Cope with a Sense of a Foreshortened...
A sense of a foreshortened future is considered to be an avoidance symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Learn ways of coping with this particular symptom of PTSD.
Learn the definition for the term DSM-IV.
Understanding the Negative Effects of Bullying
Learn more about the consequences of bullying.
How People With PTSD Can Best Cope With Sleep...
Many people with PTSD have sleeping problems, but these difficulties can be overcome by following tips such as avoiding naps and exercising too late.
The Relationship between PTSD and Irritable...
Several studies have found that people with PTSD may be more likely to have irritable bowel syndrome. Learn more about the connection between these two conditions and what can be done.
Learn the definition of benzodiazepine.
Some Iraq or Afghanistan War Veterans...
High levels of anger in veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars may stem from the experience of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
How To Take a Time Out from Anger
Coping with anger can be a very important skill to have, especially is you have PTSD. People with PTSD may have higher levels of anger and, as a result, are more likely to have arguments or conflicts with others. Learn how to better manage your anger through the use of
Practicing Self-Care to Improve Your Emotional...
We may not think about it much, but practicing self-care is very important to our emotional health. Learn about some factors that may influence the extent with which we feel anxious or depressed.
Impulse Control Disorder
Learn the definition of impulse control disorder.
You Can Experience Joy When You're Living with...
Behavioral activation is a simple way of getting back in touch with those things you find enjoyable and pleasurable as you deal with PTSD.
Strategies for Coping with Emotions in PTSD
People with PTSD often experience intense and frequent unpleasant emotions that can be very difficult to cope with. Figuring out what to do with those emotions when they occur is not always an easy thing to do. Therefore, it is important to identify beforehand specific coping strategies that you can use for different emotions. That way, you will be prepared when those emotions come up. This article presents a number of different ways of managing different emotional experiences.
The Connection Between PTSD and Alcohol and...
PTSD and drug and alcohol use often go hand-in-hand. Rates of alcohol and drug use among people with PTSD are reviewed, along with reasons why people with PTSD may be at greater risk for these problems.
Imagery Rehearsal Treatment for Nightmares...
Learn more about imagery rehearsal treatment for nightmares related to PTSD.
Catching, Changing, and Coping with Thoughts...
Coping with thoughts that are upsetting can be an important skill to have because how you evaluate and think can affect your mood. Learn how to identify and address unhealthy thoughts, and in doing so, improve your mood.
Caregiver Burden
Learn what caregiver burden is. Post Traumatic Stress (PTSD).
Complex PTSD
Learn the definition of Complex PTSD.
When Should I Get Treatment for My PTSD Symptoms?
If you have experienced a traumatic event and are experiencing some symptoms of PTSD, you may question whether or not you should get treatment for PTSD. What are some signs that would indicate that you would need treatment for PTSD?
PTSD and Stigma
Many people experience stigma from PTSD, and therefore, may be reluctant to seek treatment for their PTSD. Learn about stigma and how it may prevent people from receiving much needed psychological treatment.
How To Use Relaxation to Cope with Stress:...
Using relaxation, especially progressive muscle relaxation, can be a very effective way of reducing stress and anxiety. Learn how to do progressive muscle relaxation here.
Sleep Apnea and PTSD
Sleep problems are very common among people with PTSD, and one reason for this may be due to sleep apnea. One study found that soldiers with combat-related PTSD exhibited high rates of sleep problems, including sleep apnea. Learn more about this study, as well as sleep apnea in general in this article.
An Overview of PTSD and Psychotic Symptoms
PTSD and psychotic symptoms have been found to be related. There is some evidence that people with PTSD may be at higher risk than those without PTSD to develop symptoms of psychotic disorders. This article provides some background on psychotic disorders, as well as the relationship between PTSD and psychotic symptoms.
Problems with Marijuana as a Coping Tool for...
High rates of marijuana use among PTSD sufferers to cope with symptoms may offer relief, but is generally temporary and may lead to more problems.
The Relationship Between Anger and PTSD
Anger is a common symptom of PTSD. In fact, it is considered one of the hyperarousal symptoms of PTSD. Learn more about anger and aggressive behavior in PTSD, as well as ways of coping with anger if you have PTSD.
Distress Tolerance
Learn the definition of distress tolerance
Cognitive Distortion
Learn what a cognitive distortion is.
Coping with Natural Disasters
The devastation and stress associated with natural disasters can put people at risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). If you have been exposed to a natural disaster, it is important to identify ways of coping. This article presents some ways of managing stress associated with exposure to a natural disaster.
The Purpose of Anxiety
Learn more about why we have anxiety and what it does for us.
Does the Experience of Traumatic Events Lead to...
It has been found that a number of traumatic events lead to PTSD. Learn more about the connection between certain traumatic events and PTSD.
Are You Thinking of Telling Someone You Have...
Do you have PTSD, and are you thinking of disclosing your PTSD diagnosis to someone? Here are some tips on how to disclose your PTSD to loved ones.
Do You Have PTSD and Have Trouble Managing...
People with PTSD experience intense and frequent unpleasant emotions such as anger, sadness and fear. These emotions can be very difficult to manage.
Which Treatment Providers Should You Meet With...
There are a number of different types of treatment providers trained in the treatment and assessment of PTSD. Learn about the different types of mental health professionals here.
Childhood Trauma and Intermittent Explosive...
Learn more about intermittent explosive disorder and its association with the experience of a traumatic event in childhood.
Learn how to reduce avoidance in PTSD with...
A main symptom of PTSD is avoidance, which often occurs in response to trying to limit contact with triggers for anxiety, fear, or memories about a traumatic event.
Anaphylactic Shock and Risk for Developing PTSD
Learn more about anaphylactic shock as a potentially traumatic event that can lead to symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder.
Learn the definition of depression.
What is Adjustment Disorder?
Learn the definition of adjustment disorder and how it differs from other disorders that may occur following a traumatic or stressful event.
Low Distress Tolerance in Posttraumatic Stress...
People with PTSD often experience very intense and frequent negative emotions, and as a result, may have low distress tolerance.
The Connection between PTSD and Avoidant...
Learn more about the association between PTSD and Avoidant Personality Disorder.
Primary Emotions
Learn the definition of primary emotions.
Are You Experiencing Positive Psychotic Symptoms?
Psychotic symptoms can be divided into two groups: positive psychotic symptoms and negative psychotic symptoms.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy for PTSD
Learn more about Dialectical Behavior Therapy as a potential treatment for PTSD.
Anger Management Techniques for PTSD
Intense anger can be very difficult to control, particularly in people with PTSD. Therefore, it is important to learn healthy anger management techniques. Some specific emotion regulation strategies for intense anger are described here.
Managing Catastrophic Thoughts
Learn ways of managing catastrophic thoughts in this article.

©2016 About.com. All rights reserved.