1. Health

The Causes of PTSD

Traumatic events commonly associated with PTSD and the psychological, biological, and social factors that increase risk for the development of the disorder.

An Overview of Risk Factors for PTSD Following Different Traumatic Events
This article presents an overview of different vulnerabilities and risk factors associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after encountering a variety of traumatic events.

An Overview of Psychological Risk Factors for PTSD
Learn more about psychological risk factors for PTSD in this article.

An Overview of the Effect of 9/11 on Mental Health
Learn more about the effect of 9/11 on mental health.

PTSD and Other Mental Health Problems in 9/11 Responders
People exposed to the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks have been found to be at high risk for the development of PTSD, but what about PTSD in other 9/11 responders? Learn more about the rates of PTSD among utility workers deployed to the World Trade Center after the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

Intolerance of Uncertainty and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Learn more about the relationship between PTSD and intolerance of uncertainty.

PTSD Following a Life-Threatening Illness
PTSD can develop from the experience of a life-threatening illness. This article provides an overview of different life-threatening conditions and how they may increase risk for PTSD.

Risk Factors for PTSD Following a Traffic Accident
Learn more about specific factors that may increase your risk for developing PTSD following a motor vehicle accident.

The Consequences of Bullying
Learn more about the consequences of bullying.

The Effect of 9/11 on Children
The September 11th (9/11) terrorist attacks had and continue to have a tremendous impact on many people; however, more often than not, we only hear about the effect of 9/11 on adults. Learn more about how 9/11 affected New York City Preschool children.

PTSD Among Children and the Parents of Children with Asthma
One type of traumatic event that can lead to PTSD symptoms is the experience of a life-threatening illness, and among children, asthma is one of the most common illness that can be potentially life-threatening. Learn more about childhood asthma and its ability to lead to PTSD among both children and the parents of children with asthma.

Anaphylactic Shock and Risk for Developing PTSD
Learn more about anaphylactic shock as a potentially traumatic event that can lead to symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder.

Genes Related to Memory Capacity May Identify People at Risk for PTSD
Learn more about a study that found that people with a genetic predisposition to have a good memory who had been exposed to a traumatic event may be at greater risk for developing PTSD.

Symptoms of PTSD Following a Shooting
Learn more about posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms that may arise following a shooting.

PTSD Symptoms After a Rape
Attempted or completed rape unfortunately happens all to often in our society. Rape can have a number of negative consequences for a person. This article provides some information on symptoms or problems that may arise following a rape.

Resilience - PTSD Resilience
If you have experienced a traumatic event and overcome or recovered from your PTSD, please share your story with other readers here. Your story may provide hope to those currently struggling with the effects of traumatic exposure and PTSD.

The Effect of Hurricane Katrina on Children
The effect of Hurricane Katrina has been great. In addition to the extensive physical damage caused by the hurricane, it also greatly affected the mental health of many people, including children. Learn more about the psychological impact of Hurricane Katrina on children.

What causes someone to develop PTSD?
Why do some people develop PTSD and others don't? What causes someone to develop the disorder?

Does the Experience of Traumatic Events Lead to PTSD All the Time?
A number of traumatic events have been found to increase the risk for the development of PTSD. Learn more about the connection between certain traumatic events and PTSD.

Natural Disasters and PTSD
Natural disasters are considered traumatic events that have the high potential to lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) . As with any traumatic event, natural disasters can bring about high levels of stress, anxiety, sadness, and anger. However, unlike other traumatic events, natural disasters can also result in the tremendous...

Anxiety Sensitivity and PTSD
Anxiety sensitivity has been identified as a risk factor for the development of PTSD. Learn what anxiety sensitivity is, as well as about the connection between anxiety sensitivity and PTSD.

The Long-Term Effect of the September 11th Terrorist Attacks
The September 11th (9/11) terrorist attacks had and continue to have a tremendous impact on many people. Learn more about how 9/11 continues to affect lower Manhattan residents two to three years after the terrorist attacks.

The Psychological Effects of Hurricane Katrina and Other Natural Disasters
In addition to its physical destruction, Hurricane Katrina also had a psychological impact on many people, resulting in high levels of depression and PTSD symptoms among those exposed to the natural disaster. Learn more about the psychological effect of Hurricane Katrina.

Preventing School Violence Since the Tragedy at Columbine
On April 20, 1999, two students attacked Columbine High School resulting in the death and injury of multiple students and teachers. As a result of this incident, changes have been made in mental health services and violence prevention programs in public high schools. This article describes such changes and what changes are still needed in public...

The Psychological Impact of the 2004 Tsunami
In 2004, a tsunami caused tremendous destruction throughout regions of South Asia and East Africa. This destruction was particularly great in Sri Lanka, and the people of Sri Lanka continue to experience a number of psychological difficulties as a result of this traumatic event. Learn more about the psychological impact of the 2004 tsunami.

The Psychological Effects of Hurricane Katrina
In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf Coast. In addition to the extensive physical damage caused by the hurricane, it also greatly affected the mental health of many people. Learn about the psychological impact of Hurricane Katrina -- more specifically, its link to post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Risk for PTSD from Community Violence
A number of factors may increase risk for PTSD following the experience of community violence. Learn about the specific risk factors for the development of PTSD after the experience of violent traumatic events.

Risk for PTSD Among Children of People with PTSD
Children of people with PTSD may be at greater risk for developing PTSD themselves. Learn about one study that identified vulnerability for PTSD among children of Holocaust survivors.

Military Sexual Trauma and PTSD among Female Veterans
Many female service members experience of sexual trauma while in the military. In addition, women who have experienced military sexual trauma are at a high risk for developing PTSD. Learn more about military sexual trauma and how it may be prevented.

PTSD and the 9/11 Terrorist Attacks
Many people were greatly affected by the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Learn about the rates of PTSD caused by Sept. 11.

Traumatic Events Connected to PTSD
A number of traumatic events can lead to PTSD. What events are most commonly linked with the development of PTSD? A variety of traumatic events are reviewed, as well as the extent with which they eventually lead to PTSD.

What Increases Risk for PTSD?
After experiencing a traumatic event, not everyone will eventually develop PTSD. So, what factors increase the likelihood that someone will eventually develop PTSD after experiencing a traumatic event? Several factors have been identified that may predict who will be more likely to eventually develop PTSD after a traumatic event. These are reviewed here.

Risk Factors and Consequences of Sexual Assault
Sexual assault unfortunately happens all too often, and people who have experienced a sexual assault are at greater risk to develop PTSD and other serious mental health problems. Learn about what factors are connected with a greater likelihood of experiencing a sexual assault, as well as for the development of PTSD following a sexual assault.

Overcoming Trauma
There is a lot of research on who is more at risk for developing PTSD. However, it is also important to look at what factors differentiate those people who are and are not able to overcome and recover from a traumatic experience. Learn about the characteristics that have been connected to recovery.

Hurricane Katrina's Psychological Impact on Displaced Students
Hurricane Katrina had a tremendous psychological impact on many people, especially those who were displaced by the event. This article describes a study that looked at the psychological effect of Hurricane Katrina on displaced students from New Orleans, Louisiana.

The Effect of 9/11 on Religious Beliefs
The lives of many people changed following the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks; however, the effect of 9/11 on religion and religious beliefs has not received much attention. Learn more about how 9/11 affected the religious beliefs of people and how this impacted their adjustment to the terrorist attacks.

An Overview of Traumatic Events Associated with the Development of PTSD
A number of different types of traumatic events can lead to PTSD. This article provides an overview of some different traumatic events associated with the development of PTSD.

The Development of PTSD from a Stroke
Learn more about the development of PTSD from a stroke in this article.

Multiple Sclerosis and Risk for PTSD
Learn more about multiple sclerosis and risk for PTSD.

What Exactly Does PTSD Do to the Brain?
An in-depth look at the physiological origins of PTSD, from the amygdala and hippocampus to the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the mid anterior cingulate cortex.

Could PTSD Be Genetic?
Recent research suggests that people who carry certain genes may be more vulnerable to post-traumatic stress disorder.

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